Tag Archives: mud system

Dewatering unit

Brightway Dewatering Unit includes a contained automatic flocculation unit with pumps, polymer preparation tank and mixing system. Dewatering system uses coagulant and flocculants chemicals including Poly Aluminum Chloride( PAC) and Poly Electrolyte(Polymer) to coagulate and flocculate the solids in the fluid and make the slurry in a condition that centrifuge can separate the solids from the mixture more convenient. Cuttings generated in the dewatering system are discharged by the centrifuge in the corral; liquid is discharge straight to one of the buffer tanks.

decanter centrifuge

decanter centrifuge

The Dewatering suction lines could be connected to middle mud pit and all ES tanks.

The gathered waste water in the waste pit or the amount of the mud which the mud engineer wants to dump ( usually at the end of drilling sections) should be transferred to the ES tanks or the mud pit and from there could be processed by dewatering system.
The overall objective of dewatering systems is to process drilling waste. Typical applications are:
 Reduction of the liquid waste volume generated
 Recycling back into the active fluids system
 Disposal
 Release in an environmentally safe and cost effective manner.

The main aim is to reduce well costs, either through a reduction in fluid volume used during the well, and /or through a reduction in disposal costs.
Dewatering systems have become major factors towards “closing the loop” in the dry location or zero discharge concept. The displaced or excess drilling mud along with the excess location liquids produced on the dry or zero discharge location are channeled to the collection pit and placed in the storage system. The dewatering system is utilized to process the liquid waste from the active mud and the storage system. The cleaned effluent from the dewatering system can then be :
1) Returned to the active mud system
2) Returned to the drill water tanks for use as dilution
3) Treated further to acceptable regulatory standards for release to the environment

What is mud system?

In drilling, solids control system take away solid materials from lubricant. This lubricant may be a mixture of water, oil, clay, and chemicals, looking on the wants of every drilling application. it’s wont to facilitate cool the cutting bit because it burrows through arduous rock and soil, and conjointly to get rid of cuttings from the bore to form approach for the bit and connected instrumentality. Mud system permit staff to recycle lubricant over and another time, that helps to avoid wasting cash and protects the atmosphere from disposal-related pollution.

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To understand however mud systems work, it’s useful to initial perceive however lubricant is employed. The drill bit is connected to the employing a hollow pipe or line. lubricant is wired through this line, wherever it exits through holes cut in and round the bit. The mud captures rock and drilling waste materials within the bore, then carries then duplicate to the surface through the empty house round the drilling line. From here, the mud system removes solid rock and different contaminants, then pumps mud into the road for recycle.

shale shaker

Mud systems as designed to capture a majority of solid particles among the lubricant, that helps to stop these solids from damaging the drilling mechanism. Most of those systems place confidence in a basic sedimentary shale shaker device, that consists of a vibratory screen that filters out larger particles. Liquid drops through the shaker, and should undergo a second vibratory screen to capture any remaining solid materials.

Drilling Mud Solution

Currently widely used with the drilling fluid system supporting mechanical solids control drilling fluid circulation system. It includes drilling mud pump, ground manifold, fluid tanks, drilling fluid tanks, shale shaker, desander desilter, drilling fluid centrifuge, drilling deploy equipment. In the jet drilling and downhole drilling is also charged with the task of transmitting power. It is through screening, such as the principle by centrifugation and density of particles of different sizes and separated. Trade-offs needed, has reached on the drilling fluid solid particles and density control. This method is better, lower cost, so widely used. However, solid control system complex, involving multiple devices, many devices short life, failure and more, and use in the field, often only part of the equipment, resulting reach solid control requirements. Therefore, it is necessary to present the application of drilling fluid circulation system, to improve process and equipment.

Existing ordinary drilling fluid system of solids control equipment including shale shaker, degasser, desander desilter and cleaning and so on. By sequential separation of these devices. To achieve better control of the solid phase drilling purposes. Handle heavier drilling fluid desilter not be used. Even desander not advocate use because both, especially the former may remove a lot of barite. Considering shale shaker, in particular a fine mesh sieve shaker for the wearing parts, and high cost. Sand pump while reducing the number of units and working hours, the authors propose the use of water-sealed cyclonic separation apparatus simplify the existing solid control system.

Negative pressure drilling fluid handling systems in recent years, the development of low negative pressure drilling is an important reservoir leakage means, except with the regulatory distinction between drilling drilling tools, the main structure is the wellhead BOP, can be achieved side spray edge drilling, wellhead fluid tank can be closed, and with the pressure of the drilling fluid can be directly used to enter the closed fluid residual pressure wellhead treatment system.

Under negative pressure design principles unweighted drilling fluids solids control system processes shown in Figure 1: Flow weighted drilling fluid solid control system shown in Figure 2

 

Non-weighted drilling fluid solid control system processes: custody transfer fluid from the well to the water-sealed cyclonic separation apparatus. By a water-sealed cyclonic separation apparatus for solid-liquid separation. After the separation of cleaning fluid directly into the treatment tank, to avoid wasting fluid and barite, separating the solid phase after separation by shale shaker. The shale shaker liquid through centrifugal pump (sand pump) into the cleaner (small seal swirl separator + superfine shaker), separated by mud cleaner cleaning fluid and barite into the treatment tank or directly into the mixing tank barite. Weighted drilling fluid solids control equipment (Mixing device) only seal swirl cyclone, shaker centrifugal pump, mud tank cleaners and handle each one.

Unweighted muds and weighted drilling fluid solid control system processes can be connected together by means of two valves, shown in Figure 3.

 

Close the valve one, open the valve two non-weighted drilling fluid solid control system. Improved solids control system main advantages are: the number of devices greatly reduced, directly reduce the investment in equipment: shale shaker, sand pump drilling fluid and mud cleaners were working intermittently, and the non-weighted drilling fluid treatment can be exchanged with coarse mesh shaker, improving the reliability of the system, life extension. The solid control system is the key equipment of water-sealed cyclonic separation apparatus (mud cleaner), which directly affects the whole mud solids control system purification effect.

Open drilling fluid processing systems: open conventional drilling rig that is when the blowout preventer in an open state, no pressure wellhead. At this time also make use of the drilling fluid handling systems. But requires two additional drilling slot outlet devices: one solid rock saltpetre grinder; two is a drilling sand pump, its function is to crush rock by rock crusher nitrate nitrate after drilling sand pump water seal swirl separator.

Ground drilling fluid circulation system equipment improvements

(1) Drilling sand pump (centrifugal) in solid control system, drilling sand pump is used for the drilling desander desilter, mud cleaners and other equipment for the material, transport medium containing solid-phase cycle drilling fluid. Existing drilling sand pump seal with a simple mechanical seals, resulting in fluid sand pump bearings (sealed) string into the drilling fluid within the normally rather fluid contains large amounts of solid particles. Thus making mud pump bearings quickly damage, causing many to give up drilling drilling crew Desander with desilter etc. Use only shale shaker, a serious deterioration of the drilling conditions.

To do this, you should use good sealing effect, long life new drilling sand pump seal structure to extend the service life of sand pump, better play drilling solids control equipment efficiency, improve drilling efficiency.

(2) drilling pump drilling pump drilling system is the most important hydraulic devices. However, the existing drilling pump significantly larger, emphasis, and the pump piston and cylinder wear is very serious, is the main pump wearing parts.

The reason, mainly for two reasons: First, the structural design of drilling pump is mainly imitation, not using modern design methods, resulting in drilling pump structure is significantly larger; Second drilling fluid solid content ones, especially in the drilling fluid barite cause the pump piston – cylinder friction pair badly worn mainly.

(3) water-sealed cyclonic separation apparatus during drilling, desander desilter and miniature cyclone (collectively Water cyclone) bear Grit, in addition to mud, reducing the task of drilling fluid content of the solid phase, its separation effect on drilling ROP was significant. Currently used hydrocyclone pressure flushing ports are open (direct discharge), known as open hydrocyclone. The hydrocyclone separation affected by the size of a large (in particular, flushing port diameter), and difficult to control. To this end, has developed a new energy efficient handling of drilling water conservancy cyclone, can replace desander desilter and miniature cyclone function Desanding desilter effect.

Xi’an Brightway Energy Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd. Located in Yuhua Industrial Park of Xian City and specializing in R&D, manufacture, sales, serivce, logistics and distribution of modern solids control equipment and systems. Brightway focus on producing oil drilling mud solid control equipment, mud purification systems.

The equipments are widely used in drilling mud solids control system, HDD mud recycling system, CBM drilling mud cleaning system, River silt cleaning system, Geothermal enviromental waste mud cleaning system,Underground mud cleaning system, mining, coal and other industries etc.

Brightway Equipments for drilling fluid systems: Shale Shaker, Vacuum Degasser, Mud Cleaner, Desander Cleaner, Desilter Cleaner, Decanting Centrifuge, Sand Pump, Submersible Slurry Pump, Mud Agitator, Self-Suction Sand Pump, Jet Mud Mixer, Mud Gas Separator, Mud Gun, Series Screw Pump, Shear Pump, Flare Ignition Device, Oil Tank, Water Tank, Mud Tank etc