Category Archives: Solids Waste Management

Dewatering unit

Brightway Dewatering Unit includes a contained automatic flocculation unit with pumps, polymer preparation tank and mixing system. Dewatering system uses coagulant and flocculants chemicals including Poly Aluminum Chloride( PAC) and Poly Electrolyte(Polymer) to coagulate and flocculate the solids in the fluid and make the slurry in a condition that centrifuge can separate the solids from the mixture more convenient. Cuttings generated in the dewatering system are discharged by the centrifuge in the corral; liquid is discharge straight to one of the buffer tanks.

decanter centrifuge

decanter centrifuge

The Dewatering suction lines could be connected to middle mud pit and all ES tanks.

The gathered waste water in the waste pit or the amount of the mud which the mud engineer wants to dump ( usually at the end of drilling sections) should be transferred to the ES tanks or the mud pit and from there could be processed by dewatering system.
The overall objective of dewatering systems is to process drilling waste. Typical applications are:
 Reduction of the liquid waste volume generated
 Recycling back into the active fluids system
 Disposal
 Release in an environmentally safe and cost effective manner.

The main aim is to reduce well costs, either through a reduction in fluid volume used during the well, and /or through a reduction in disposal costs.
Dewatering systems have become major factors towards “closing the loop” in the dry location or zero discharge concept. The displaced or excess drilling mud along with the excess location liquids produced on the dry or zero discharge location are channeled to the collection pit and placed in the storage system. The dewatering system is utilized to process the liquid waste from the active mud and the storage system. The cleaned effluent from the dewatering system can then be :
1) Returned to the active mud system
2) Returned to the drill water tanks for use as dilution
3) Treated further to acceptable regulatory standards for release to the environment

Drilling Waste Management TDU

Indirect Thermal Desorption (TDU) applies heat to the contaminated soil while isolating the flame from the material.  The contaminant vapor is isolated, so it can be recovered, condensed, and recycled, eliminating long-term liability.

This TDU treatment is different to Brightway Drilling Waste Management System, which is mainly composed of vertical cuttting dryer and VFD decanter centrifuge by the physical principal of centrifugal force as below picture.

 

Brightway Drilling Waste Management

Brightway Drilling Waste Management

Here is the example of Brandt TDU. The cuttings are heated up indirectly in a large diameter, rotating dryer, with the contaminants being vaporized, as the cuttings move forward through the dryer to discharge.
The vapors are pulled from the dryer and filtered, to remove the dust particulate.
Vapors are then condensed to a liquid phase and are processed through an oil/water separation system.
Recovered water is used to rehydrate the cleaned cuttings while the recovered oil is used in new mud or fuel in the burners.
Stainless steel construction allows for the high temperatures necessary for processing drilled cuttings. Variable speed dryer rotation and positive sealing system to prevent discharge of dust and vapor.

A high temperature separator filters vapors, removing dust, leaving recovered oil clean.
Vapor Cooling System – Stainless shell & tube water-cooled heat exchanger, with closed loop cooling tower.
Oil/water Separation System – First pass through slant bed oil/water separator, then through a coalescer.
Soil Conditioner – dual shafted pug mill, with recycled water spray system to rehydrate and cool the cleaned cuttings.
Post Treatment Oil Uses
Use as base oil for drilling fluids
Send to pipeline for re-use
Use in burners to fuel the thermal process
Fuel for other industrial processes
Diesel engine fuel
Kilns/ovens
Oil/water separators (heater treater)
Oil treaters
Asphalt plants
Steam generation
The Brandt THOR™ system uses the Best Available Control Technology (BACT) in the “state of the art” patented THOR process.
With the addition of the thermal oxidizer equipment on the new THOR system, stack emissions are below US EPA guidelines for this process and will beat our clients’ most stringent requirements.
The US EPA has designated this technology as the Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT) for remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils.

This drilling waste treatment of TDU is complicated than our drilling waste management, while our sludge drying system can be completed further as the Zero discharge system by making the dried waste to be the solids bricks.

Presentation of Brightway Drilling Waste Management

I have a plan to do the presentation of Brightway Drilling Waste Management by the end of Jan, 2016.

drilling waste management

drilling waste management

It is an interesting challenge. It might be an good idea to track down my preparation with the following blog.

Before going deeper about the drilling waste management content, I have a question in my mind how to do the presentation effectively, based on my limited experience of presentation, it is not a easy thing to grasp customer attention to our product presentation.

I found Steve Jobs Presentation Skills Video from Youku luckily, and if you want to learn sth, better to kind a good teacher.

1. Set the theme, and make your them clear and consistent
2. Create a headline that sets the direction for your meeting.
3. Provide a outline, verbally open and close each section with clear transition and make it easy for your listeners to follow your story.
4. Demonstrate enthusiasm
Extraordinary, amazing, cool, wow your audience,and if you are not passion about it, the audiences are not going to be.
5. Make numbers and statistics meaningful and analogies help connect the dos for your audience.
6. Make it simple and paint a simple picture that doesn’t overwhelm
7. Make a show, rehearse
Now the below is my current outline for the presentation of drilling waste management solids control system.

1.1 Brightway Main Product

1.2 Brightway Solids Control System Application

1.3 Brightway Equipment Separation Process

1.4 Brightway Processing Equipment

1.5 Brightway Quality Control

1.6 Brightway Qualification

1.7 Brightway Market

  1. Brightway Drilling Waste Management

2.1 Composition

2.2 Overall Layout of Brightway Drilling Waste Management System

2.3  Flowchart

2.4  Modular Equipment

2.4.1  Drying Shaker

2.4.2  Vertical Cutting Dryer

2.4.3  Decanter Centrifuge

2.4.4 Vertical Cutting Dryer and Decanter Centrifuge On The Same Skid

2.4.5 Drilling waste conveyor system

2.4.6  Auxiliary Component (Screw Pump, Centrifugal pump, Mud Agitator, Tank etc)

2.4.7 More Designs

  1. Brightway Drilling Waste Management Cases
  2. Brightway Commissioning On Customer Site
  3. Brightway Activity
  4. 6. Brightway Drilling Waste Management-Questionare Survey

Compared with Steve Job skills, there are some parts need to be revised, and the target of presentation is not only to convey the information but also to persuading the audience to accept the products and the lecturer.

Vacuum degasser

Brightway Vacuum degasser, one in all the common solids management instrumentation, is wide employed in well drilling. Then, however it works?

The higher finish of liquid level management device gas guide pipe within the physical phenomenon path between the air chamber of vacuum degasser, the air guide pipe at the lower finish of the float moves upwards below the action of the plunger, the float isn’t influenced by the external pressure distinction, once the liquid level rises, float beside the air guide pipe is straightforward to rise to the peak of the corresponding, the action method is following:

vacuum degasser

vacuum degasser

Guide air seat put in within the deaerator head, higher guide air seat cavity through the vacuum waterproofing plug and gas guide seat is axially organized pores with vacuum tank consistent.

When the liquid level within the vacuum degasser is accumulated to the liquid level float up, float through the link pin drives the guide tube to move; once the guide hole pipe through the air guide seat is organized on the radial direction of the opening and also the atmosphere at identical time, decline within the thermionic valve, the liquid drop, liquid level float to guide quiesce, guide tube and outdoors atmosphere between guide gas interface is reduced or closed, to take care of the vacuum degree within the vacuum degasser.

Due to the adoption of thermionic valve higher cavity and vacuum degasser to stay the pressure balance is consistent, will create the conducting pipe interface to extend, this will increase the sensitivity of the liquid level management device.

At identical time, vacuum degree to maximise the degasser in vacuum degasser permission, in up the the initial impact, additionally to the safe operation of the solids system is bonded.

Brightway Vertical Cutting Dryer

Vertical cutting dryer is usually the environmental protection downside within the drilling waste business. because the state of the more and more demanding environmental needs, resolution the matter of pollution of drilling waste has become one amongst the foremost vital analysis subjects of environmental protection within the solid management instrumentation producing of contemporary times.

 

Vertical Cutting Dryer

Vertical Cutting Dryer

In rock oil exploration and production method, it’s avertible to supply the drilling fluid waste and drilling. These wastes will cause serious pollution to groundwater, surface water, the encircling ecological surroundings if outflow or overflow. this drilling waste treatment strategies have chemical natural action, washing, drying and combustion, lowland and destabilization of chemistry, physical ways that and biological treatment.

 

Whatever, Brightway solids management is engaged in cutting drier and alternative drilling fluid waste equipments. Not solely the solids management waste management instrumentation however conjointly skilled solids management systems area unit useful within the method. on solids management instrumentation, you’ll realize field drilling fluid carafe centrifuge, drilling fluids sedimentary shale shaker, mud cleaner, vacuum degasser and then on. Certainly, you’ll see vertical cuttings drier, vertical centrifuge variety waste managment instrumentation.

Brightway Drilling Vacuum Degasser

Vacuum degasser, conjointly known as degasser unit.It is associate elementary degassing unit in treating the lubricating substance employed in oil & gas drilling. Vacuum degasser is found initially stage before sedimentary rock shaker within the complete solids system. Its main purpose is to confirm the operation safely in well drilling and sleek the entire method of solids management.

Why would like Vacuum degasser?
Drilling mud invasive by the gas (methane, nature gas amd Carbon dioxide) from the circle house aroud the oil rig can end in kick, even blowout whereas drilling operation attributable to the unbalance of gas pressure. The perform of the wedge degasser is to separate the bubbles with the scale ≥ 3mm.

Vacuum Degasser

Vacuum Degasser

How Vacuum Degasser Works?
There ar in the main four opening(mud water, footballer port, mud outlet and waste product drain outlet) within the process tan and every one of them ar connected by pipes. The gas cut in lubricating substance is delivered by the feeding pump into the vacuum degasser tank on tangent route through the water pipe. when the collision of a series baffles specially designed and put in within the inner wall of the tank, the exposure of the mud surface is enlarged and therefore the mud flows down in an exceedingly disturbed flow condition. Meanwhile,The mud and gas finished separation. Free gas is target-hunting through the footballer port connected by pipes at the highest of the tank to the safe place, then burned by the flare ignition device. lubricating substance when gas separation can flow into the treating tank for the additional treatment by the next equipements. like sedimentary rock shaker, mud cleaner and bottle centrifuge etc. The waste product within the degasser tank flows from the drain outlet at very cheap of the tank.

Brightway mud circulation system

For mud circulation system, we will use it in varied drilling operation. totally different|the various} well drilling conditions can request different mud circulation system.

Mud circulation system as well as mud tanks system, the mud method instrumentality,such as sedimentary rock shaker,desander,desilter,mud cleaner,decanter centrifuge,mud bad hat,shear pump and etc. All pipelines and electrical lines, cables, and every one accent components. like the ladders, hand rail, guard rail, etc.

mud circulation system

mud circulation system

Fluids system instrumentality primarily is sedimentary shale shaker, hydrocyclones desander,desilter, centrifuge bottle,centrifugal pumps, and mixers/agitators.

High quality field mud tank system should be fictitious below skilled configuration. The best proposal with high potency and low price. Cater to clients’ specific demand and actual drilling conditions.

All the equipments and tanks ought to be product of top quality staple and made in line with government normal. examine all instrumentality and field drilling fluid tanks fully and strictly. guarantee all pipes square measure connected with one another. All fastening line ought to be sealed and plain.

Actually, we want virtually fluid system embody shaker tank, active, vessel or compounding tank. Sometimes, there’ll be additionally the trip tank, pill tank, and swab or check tank.The mud tanks square measure completely different size or dimension. It depends on whole mud tanks system capability or flow mud pump rate of flow. Whole mud system as well as completely different phases and method steps. we want to calculate all data intimately.So sometimes the only mud tank effective volume or capability as well as 20m3 and fewer, 20-40m3, then 40-70m3. Their length may be 8m, 9m, 10m, 11m, 12m, 15m, etc.

Mud Agitator

Brightway mud agitator is a part of solid control system and mud tank, which is mainly used in agitating and blending drilling fluid so as to control the depositions of solid particles in its tankcycling system and keep the mud property of circulation stable and mixture uniform.

mud agitator

Major features of Brightway brand agitator:

solids control system

  • The reducer adopts a cylindrical worm with an axial section of circular acre. The circular acre teeth of impeller wheel are conjugated with the worm, which provide good convexo-concave engagement, high efficiency transmission, strong agitating ability and compact structure.
  • The reducer combines with anti-explosion motor, which is suit for rough operation condition in field, and can be repaired conveniently.
  • New up-down structural agitating impeller wheels have a two-layers structure, which can be used as one-layer and dual-layer one.
  • The strong agitation, broad conformance and low starting moment of resistance are provided.
  • Level – placed motor is easy for installation, adjustment and replacement.

Vibration Motor for Shale Shaker

The shale shaker is the first grade of solids control equipment in drilling purification system. It can remove cuttings above 75μm brought from the drilling well and the liquid with smaller particles will flow into mud tanks from where the fluid will flow into next grade solids control equipment to be treated.

We’re here to help:Easy ways to get the answers you need.

shale shaker

Features & Benefits of Linear Motion Shale Shaker:

  1. G-forces linear motion up to 7.6G
  2. Speeds conveyance
  3. Increases shaker-fluids capacity
  4. Enable shaker to process heavier solids loads
  5. Enhances cuttings processing volume
  6. Basket angle adjusting device from -1°~5°
  7. Single side screens tension system to easy change the screens
  8. Shale shaker feeder can be weir type and header box
  9. Hook-strip screens can be PMD and composite shaker screens.

shale shaker

Sifting bed structure

Brightway shaker screen basket is of weld components and vibration motor & screen plate base are installed on screen box by parts. Screen basket locates on the adjustment beam and there are bumper springs in four corners near the screen box, which can avoid the screen basket vibrating effect on parts & devices in the neighborhood. There are three or four screen panels on the enough strength for screen basket.

 

The middle part of screen basket is higher than two sides transversely and the bulging arch the screen can be tensioned more easily and the screen life and efficiency of removing solids particles can be improved as the work proceeds.

Mud Cleaner in Drilling Fluid Recycling System

The drilling mud cleaner is a major equipment in drilling fluid recycling system,we can design customized cost-effective mud cleaner for customers special needs. Brightway mud cleaner can meet almost all needs for oil & gas well drilling fluids treatment system and HDD mud recycling system.

 

When the mud cleaner handles the weighted drilling fluid, the drilling fluid which is already handled enters into drilling fluid system from the over fall of the swirler. The drill cuttings, barite and a little liquid phase discharged from the under set and go to the highly detail screen. Because of the granularity of barite is 2~74um mostly, it will return to the drilling fluid system with the liquid phase and the drill cuttings which are smaller than the sieve mesh, the drill cuttings which are larger than the sieve mesh will be discharged from screen surface. In this way, mud cleaner cleans the drilling fluid, stabilizes the performance of drilling fluid and recycles the barite and the liquid phase.

 

Mud cleaner is consist of manifold, shale shaker,desander and desilter. First the drilling fluids are sucked up to 0.25Mpa ~ 0.4Mpa by centrifugal pump, and enter into the cones through the side inlet which is normally only 2-1/2″ diameter. The fluids then flow spirally inside of the cone. Effected by the centrifugal force, the heavy solids in the fluids would be throwed towards the inner wall of the cones, go down to the bottem, and discharge through the sand discharge port, while the light fluids would go up and discharge through the upper oulet. The diameter of the bottom discharge port is adjustable, and with a cover of hydrocyclone.

shale shaker

As a leader and professional in China solids control equipment and drilling waste management,Brightway always provides the highest quality equipments and oilfield services and solutions. Brightway provides 25 categories of products, and can also customize packaged design and matching products of oil & gas drilling rigs for drilling company.